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What are the Different Types of Cables Offered by Cable Wire Suppliers?


What are the Different Types of Cables Offered by Cable Wire Suppliers?
What are the Different Types of Cables Offered by Cable Wire Suppliers?

What are the Different Types of Cables Offered by Cable Wire Suppliers?

Nowadays, one cannot live without electricity and at least some form of connection to the rest of the world. This has made the wires and cables providing us electricity and data, a very important, even if mostly hidden, item in our lives. But not every cable or wire is suitable for any job. Throughout this blog, you'll know first the difference between these two conductors, and second, you'll know how to choose the proper cables for your job. You can also browse Lumsum’s list of cable wire suppliers near you that offers a wide range of cables that will surely meet your demand.

How to distinguish between cables and wires?

The first way to distinguish between a cable and a wire is to consider that wires are a component in cables.  A wire is a single strand or a group of strands of a conductive material, while a cable is one or more wires inside a rubber or a plastic covering. You can skim through our list of cable wire suppliers to search for these two conductors.

What are the different types of cables?

Most cables are designed with at least one hot wire and one ground wire in them. They are classified by the number of wires that they are composed of, their gauge sizes, and how they are twisted inside the cable. Different types of cables are used for various applications. Not all cables perform the same application because the function of a cable depends upon its type. Here are the most used types of cables these days:

1- Data cables: they are used to transmit electronic information from a source to a destination. This type is used extensively in computer and telecommunication systems, and it is made of either copper wires or fiber optic cables. Data cables are categorized into three types:

  • Ethernet cable (copper): it is composed of several wires with each two twisted around each other. Ethernet cables are the most widely used data cables around the world. You can have them inside your house for internet access or inside companies for data transfer between pcs.
  • Coaxial cable (copper):  it is composed of two conductors separated by an insulating material: a copper wire in the center and a braided metal shield from the outside. These cables are harder to install but they are used for networking devices.
  • Fiber Optic cable (fiber): it transmits signals through a bundle of glass threads. Fiber optic cable has a greater bandwidth which means higher speeds than traditional copper cable, so it is used for areas that receive high amounts of data.

2- Electrical cables: An electrical cable has the purpose of transporting electrical power or telecommunication signals from one place to another. It is measured in volts and, depending on its usage, it is categorized into one group or another. We have:

  • High voltage cables (HV cables): they are used for electric power transmission at high voltage, and they are suitable for being run underground or underwater.
  • Medium voltage cables (MV cables): they are used to distribute electricity from electrical substations to the main building or household.
  • Low voltage cables (LV cables): they are used in electric power distribution inside the household or the building to transfer electricity from the main electric room to the rest of the house such as the electric boards or light bulbs etc... They are the most commonly known electric cables but be aware that you need to check which type to choose from because you have cables that are rated for outdoor usage and cables rated for indoor usage.
  • Cables for specific usage: these cables are used for very specific scenarios such as fire retardants or solar panel usage (high temperature for a long duration of time) etc…

How to distinguish electrical cables?

The electrical cables are mostly distinguished by the cable’s color:

  • White Wire: White wire is always used as a neutral wire.
  • Black Wire: Black wire is the most known as a hot wire which is used for switches or outlets.
  • Red Wire: Red wire is also known as a hot wire. It is used for switch legs for example or for connecting between two hardwired smoke detectors.
  • Blue and Yellow Wire: It is a hot wire used inside the conduits. The blue wire is used as a traveler for three-or-four-way switches and the yellow wire is used for switch legs to control lights, etc…
  • Green and Bare Copper Wire: These two types of wires are only used for grounding as well as earthing.

You should always pay attention to the markings stamped or printed on the insulation of the electrical wire because they provide important information about the insulation and wiring, including the wire size and material, and any other characteristic of the wire.
This also goes for data cables where they are marked with which type of cable they are, and if they have subcategories, which category they are. And they have some important information such as data transfer rate or other useful information.

Whatever type of cable you need, you can browse Lumsum’s comprehensive list of cable wire suppliers that offer you the properly rated material for your project. All their wires and cables are built with high-grade materials for better performance and enhanced protection. If you are living in Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, or any other emirate in the UAE, you can always find the most reliable & latest information about interior design on Lumsum.io.

Check out the suppliers on Lumsum.io that can help you: Wires & Cables

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